Grade 12 Courses

  • Course Code: BAT4M                                                    Course Title: Financial Accounting Principles                                                                 Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Financial Accounting Fundamentals, Grade 11, University/College Preparation                                              Type: University/College
  • This course introduces students to advanced accounting principles that will prepare them for postsecondary studies in business. Students will learn about financial statements for various forms of business ownership and how those statements are interpreted in making business decisions. This course expands students’ knowledge of sources of financing, further develops accounting methods for assets, and introduces accounting for partnerships and corporations.
  • Course Code: BBB4M                                                     Course Title: International Business Fundamentals                                                   Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: None                                                                                                                                                                                        Type: University/College
  • This course provides an overview of the importance of international business and trade in the global economy and explores the factors that influence success in international markets. Students will learn about the techniques and strategies associated with marketing, distribution, and managing international business effectively. This course prepares students for postsecondary programs in business, including international business, marketing, and management.
  • Course Code: BOH4M                    Course Title: Business Leadership: Management Fundamentals     Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: None                        Type: University/College
  • This course focuses on the development of leadership skills used in managing a successful business. Students will analyze the role of a leader in business, with a focus on decision making, management of group dynamics, workplace stress and conflict, motivation of employees, and planning. Effective business communication skills, ethics, and social responsibility are also emphasized.
  • Course Code: CGW4U                    Course Title: World Issues: A Geographic Analysis     Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities                    Type: University
  • In this course, students will address the challenge of creating a more sustainable and equitable world. They will explore issues involving a wide range of topics, including economic disparities, threats to the environment, globalization, human rights, and quality of life, and will analyse government policies, international agreements, and individual responsibilities relating to them. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including the use of spatial technologies, to investigate these complex issues and their impacts on natural and human communities around the world.
  • Course Code: CHI4U                       Course Title: Canada: History, Identity and Culture            Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities                            Type: University
  • This course traces the history of Canada, with a focus on the evolution of our national identity and culture as well as the identity and culture of various groups that make up Canada. Students will explore various developments and events, both national and international, from precontact to the present, and will examine various communities in Canada and how they have contributed to identity and heritage in Canada. Students will investigate the development of culture and identity, including national identity, in Canada and how and why they have changed throughout the country’s history. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate the people, events, and forces that have shaped Canada.
  • Course Code: CHY4U                     Course Title: World History since the Fifteenth Century   Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities                            Type: University
  • This course traces major developments and events in world history since approximately 1450. Students will explore social, economic, and political changes, the historical roots of contemporary issues, and the role of conflict and cooperation in global interrelationships. They will extend their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, as they investigate key issues and ideas and assess societal progress or decline in world history.
  • Course Code: CIA4U                       Course Title: Analyzing Current Economic Issues                Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Prerequisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities                       Type: University
  • This course examines current Canadian and international economic issues, developments, policies, and practices from diverse perspectives. Students will explore the decisions that individuals and institutions, including governments, make in response to economic issues such as globalization, trade agreements, economic inequalities, regulation, and public spending. Students will apply the concepts of economic thinking and the economic inquiry process, as well as economic models and theories, to investigate, and develop informed opinions about, economic trade-offs, growth, and sustainability and related economic issues.
  • Course Code: CLN4U                      Course Title: Canadian & International Law                         Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities.                           Type: University
  • This course explores a range of contemporary legal issues and how they are addressed in both Canadian and international law. Students will develop an understanding of the principles of Canadian and international law and of issues related to human rights and freedoms, conflict resolution, and criminal, environmental, and workplace law, both in Canada and internationally. Students will apply the concepts of legal thinking and the legal studies inquiry process, and will develop legal reasoning skills, when investigating these and other issues in both Canadian and international contexts.
  • Course Code: CPW4U                    Course Title: Canadian and International Politics                Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in Canadian and world studies, English, or social sciences and humanities                            Type: University
  • This course explores various perspectives on issues in Canadian and world politics. Students will explore political decision making and ways in which individuals, stakeholder groups, and various institutions, including governments, multinational corporations, and non-governmental organizations, respond to and work to address domestic and international issues. Students will apply the concepts of political thinking and the political inquiry process to investigate issues, events, and developments of national and international political importance, and to develop and communicate informed opinions about them.
  • Course Code: ENG4U                     Course Title: English                       Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation                  Type: University
  • This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.
  • Course Code: ENG4C                     Course Title: English                      Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: : English, Grade 11, College Preparation                     Type: College
  • This course emphasizes the consolidation of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyse a variety of informational and graphic texts, as well as literary texts from various countries and cultures, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms for practical and academic purposes. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for college or the workplace.
  • Course Code: FSF4U                       Course Title: Core French              Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Core French, Grade 11, University Preparation        Type: University
  • This course provides extensive opportunities for students to speak and interact in French independently. Students will develop their listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills, apply language learning strategies in a wide variety of real-life situations, and develop their creative and critical thinking skills through responding to and interacting with a variety of oral and written texts. They will also enrich their understanding and appreciation of diverse French-speaking communities, and will develop skills necessary for lifelong language learning.
  • Course Code: HSB4U                      Course Title: Challenge & Change in Society         Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies                          Type: University
  • This course focuses on the use of social science theories, perspectives, and methodologies to investigate and explain shifts in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviour and their impact on society. Students will critically analyse how and why cultural, social, and behavioural patterns change over time. They will explore the ideas of social theorists and use those ideas to analyse causes of and responses to challenges such as technological change, deviance, and global inequalities. Students will explore ways in which social science research methods can be used to study social change.
  • Course Code: HSE4M                     Course Title: Equity & Social Justice: From Theory to Practice              Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Any university, college, or university/college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and world studies                             Type: University/College
  • This course enables students to develop an understanding of the theoretical, social, and historical underpinnings of various equity and social justice issues and to analyse strategies for bringing about positive social change. Students will learn about historical and contemporary equity and social justice issues in Canada and globally. They will explore power relations and the impact of a variety of factors on equity and social justice. Students will develop and apply research skills and will design and implement a social action initiative relating to an equity or social justice issue.
  • Course Code: ICS4U                       Course Title: Computer Science                 Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Introduction to Computer Science, Grade 11, University Preparation   Type: University
  • This course enables students to further develop knowledge and skills in computer science. Students will use modular design principles to create complex and fully documented programs, according to industry standards. Student teams will manage a large software development project, from planning through to project review. Students will also analyse algorithms for effectiveness. They will investigate ethical issues in computing and further explore environmental issues, emerging technologies, areas of research in computer science, and careers in the field.
  • Course Code: MAP4C                     Course Title: Foundations for College Mathematics           Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Foundations for College Mathematics, Grade 11, College Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation                      Type: College
  • This course enables students to broaden their understanding of real-world applications of mathematics. Students will analyse data using statistical methods; solve problems involving applications of geometry and trigonometry; solve financial problems connected with annuities, budgets, and renting or owning accommodation; simplify expressions; and solve equations. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for college programs in areas such as business, health sciences, and human services, and for certain skilled trades.
  • Course Code: MCT4C                     Course Title: Mathematics for College Technology             Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation          Type: College
  • This course enables students to extend their knowledge of functions. Students will investigate and apply properties of polynomial, exponential, and trigonometric functions; continue to represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; develop facility in simplifying expressions and solving equations; and solve problems that address applications of algebra, trigonometry, vectors, and geometry. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems. This course prepares students for a variety of college technology programs.
  • Course Code: MCV4U                    Course Title: Calculus and Vectors            Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: The new Advanced Functions course (MHF4U) must be taken prior to or concurrently with Calculus and Vectors (MCV4U)                              Type: University
  • This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.
  • Course Code: MDM4U                  Course Title: Mathematics of Data Management                Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions and Applications, Grade 11, University/College Preparation          Type: University
  • This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing data. Students will apply methods for organizing and analysing large amounts of information; solve problems involving probability and statistics; and carry out a culminating investigation that integrates statistical concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. Students planning to enter university programs in business, the social sciences, and the humanities will find this course of particular interest.
  • Course Code: MHF4U                    Course Title: Advanced Functions                             Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Functions, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Mathematics for College Technology, Grade 12, College Preparation                Type: University
  • This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.
  • Course Code: SBI4U                       Course Title: Biology                      Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Biology, Grade 11, University Preparation                 Type: University
  • This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
  • Course Code: SCH4U                      Course Title: Chemistry                 Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation                           Type: University
  • This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.
  • Course Code: SCH4C                      Course Title: Chemistry (College)              Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied     Type: College
  • This course enables students to develop an understanding of chemistry through the study of matter and qualitative analysis, organic chemistry, electrochemistry, chemical calculations, and chemistry as it relates to the quality of the environment. Students will use a variety of laboratory techniques, develop skills in data collection and scientific analysis, and communicate scientific information using appropriate terminology. Emphasis will be placed on the role of chemistry in daily life and the effects of technological applications and processes on society and the environment.
  • Course Code: SPH4U                      Course Title: Physics                       Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Physics, Grade 11, University Preparation                 Type: University
  • This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
  • Course Code: SPH4C                      Course Title: Physics (College)                    Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied                    Type: College
  • This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore these concepts with respect to motion; mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic, energy transformation, hydraulic, and pneumatic systems; and the operation of commonly used tools and machines. They will develop their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics and solve both assigned problems and those emerging from their investigations. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.
  • Course Code: SES4U                       Course Title: Earth and Space Science                     Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: : Science, Grade 10, Academic                       Type: University
  • This course develops students’ understanding of Earth and its place in the universe. Students will investigate the properties of and forces in the universe and solar system and analyse techniques scientists use to generate knowledge about them. Students will closely examine the materials of Earth, its internal and surficial processes, and its geological history, and will learn how Earth’s systems interact and how they have changed over time. Throughout the course, students will learn how these forces, processes, and materials affect their daily lives. The course draws on biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in its consideration of geological and astronomical processes that can be observed directly or inferred from other evidence.
  • Course Code: SNC4M                    Course Title: Science                      Credit Value: 1
  • Pre-requisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic, or any Grade 11 university, university/college, or college preparation course in science                    Type: University/College
  • This course enables students, including those pursuing postsecondary programs outside the sciences, to increase their understanding of science and contemporary social and environmental issues in health-related fields. Students will explore a variety of medical technologies, pathogens and disease, nutritional science, public health issues, and biotechnology. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study and helps refine students’ scientific investigation skills.

* In asynchronous learning there will not be any live or in person class. The lesson materials and assessments will be available online for the students.
** In synchronous learning there will be live classes and the students will have to attend the classes.
*** The course fees for international students are: asynchronous learning $749 and synchronous learning $949.